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Citation Guide

A guide to create citations for bibliographies and works cited in research papers.

Authors in MLA Format

Authors in MLA Format

Authors are formatted the same in all material formats.

  • List first author with the last name first
    • Examples: Smith, John D.
    • Smith, John David.
  • Two authors are separated by a comma after the first author and the word and
    • Example: Smith, John D., and Rosemary L. Jones.
  • Only the first author's name is inverted. Second authors are formatted normally
  • When a source has three or more authors, use the first and et al.
    • Example: Smith, John D., et al.

Authors that are organizations, corporations, government entities, etc.

  • Do not invert or use abbreviations.
    • Examples:
      • United States Department of Commerce.
      • General Motors Corporation.
      • American Civil Liberties Union.
 

Editor Formats

Editors

If an entire edited book with authored chapters is cited, the editor is listed as the author with the descriptive label editor after her name, or editors if there is more than one editor. Multiple editors are formatted the same way as authors.

  • List first editor with the last name first, followed by a comma and "ed."
    • Example: Smith, John D., editor.
  • Two editors are separated by a comma after the first editor and the word and and are followed with a comma and editors.
    • Example: Smith, John D., and Rosemary L. Jones, editors.
  • Only the first editor's name is inverted. Second editors are formatted normally.
  • When a source has three or more authors, use the first and et al.
    • Example: Smith, John D., et al., editors.