Always cite the source of any information in your paper with a parenthetical citation. If you did not originally compose the ideas you are including in your paper, be sure to cite them! The purpose of the parenthetical citation is to lead the reader to an exact item in the bibliography, so the first entry in the bibliography (usually author’s last name, sometimes title if no author is listed) is what is included in the parenthetical citation. Additionally, the exact point (page number) is listed.
Plagiarism is using the words, thoughts, or ideas of someone else without giving credit. Plagiarism can take many forms, and it can be intentional or accidental. In an academic environment, students may often plagiarise unintentionally, by simply being careless:
Kate Turabian, in A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (2003, p.77) succintly describes the occasions where plagiarism is most likely to occur. She writes:
But many students fail to realize that they risk being charged with plagiarism even if they were not intentionally dishonest, but only ignorant or careless. You run that risk when you give readers reason to think that you've done one or more of the following:
Please be aware of these likely occasions. Be careful to cite your sources as you work, and feel free to contact the Library or your instructor should you require advice about citing any source!