Call Number: Valley City State University Reserve (R 808 P96 2009 )
Publication Date: 2009-07-15
The style manual of choice for writers, editors, students, and educators in the social and behavioral sciences, this updated "Publication Manual" provides invaluable guidance on all aspects of the writing process, from the ethics of authorship to the word choice that best reduces bias.
APA is the official style of VCSU's graduate program (Graduate Handbook, p. 9). Some basic rules for APA References lists are:
All citations should be double spaced
Indent after the first line of each entry
Entries are not numbered
If an element is not present, omit it
Alphabetize by the first word of the entry
If no author is listed, begin with title
Enter author's last name followed by first and middle initials
List up to seven (7) authors.
Eight (8) or more authors, use only the first six (6) and then ellipses (...) with the last author.
Italics must be used for book and periodical titles
Capitalize ONLY the first word of a title, the first word of a subtitle, and proper nouns in titles of books and articles, no matter how they appear in a database or catalog
List the city and state or country (spell out name) of publication. Example: Lexington, KY (because there are cities names Lexington in many states).
Use the abbreviations p. or pp. only for multi-page newspaper articles, encyclopedia entries, and chapters or articles in edited books
Do not use the abbreviation p. or pp. (or any other abbreviation) for magazine and journal articles
Use p. for one page articles, pp. for multiple page articles
Dates are in Year, Month Day format (e.g. 1999, December 20)
Date is in parenthesis after the author's name (or title if no author is listed)
Use (n.d.) if no date is given
For items found in full text online, access information in APA requires one of the following (in order of preference): 1. Use DOI if available (no period at end of citation) 2. If no DOI, and from database, use print format. No database information is needed. 3. If no DOI and from an authoritative web site use complete URL (no period at end of citation) 4. If no DOI and from a personal web site or Wiki, use access date and complete URL (no period at end of citation)